By Bashir Nichari
Fifty-five years ago, an incredible journey began with the creation of the Pakistan People’s Party. The history of the PPP is full of struggle and sacrifices, which makes it the People’s Party. The first founding convention of the party was held on the night between November 30th and December 1st, 1967 at Dr. Mubasher Hussain’s residence at Gulberg, Lahore.
The primary manuscript of the party had compiled by Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, J.A. Rahim, and Dr. Mubasher Hussain, and was finalized after a lengthy discussion. The participants in this convention were aware that they would create a new life for the people of this land and thus presented the documents for approval in the same meeting.
The aims and objectives of the party formation were to call for a socialist change in Pakistani society.
The ultimate goal of the party policy was to create a classless society which was possible in our circles only through socialism.
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto made tempestuous visits to all corners of the country. While speaking at a public meeting at Lahore Mochi Darwaza, the People’s leader, in his speech of 3 hours and 10 minutes, shed light on Islamic socialism, democracy, capitalism, and feudalism.
At that time, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto convinced the nation with arguments that society should embrace Islamic socialism and democracy as the foundation stones for a progressive State.
He knew that these were the things upon which our future generations would have walked with pridefulness.
These sentences of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto have become a part of our historical politics.
1- Islam is our religion
2- Democracy is our politics.
3- Socialism is our economy.
4- The source of power is the People’s strength. 5- Martyrdom is our wish. (Added by Shaheed Benazir Bhutto the fifth point). Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto said he had made a public manifesto to bring revolutionary changes to Pakistani society. He implemented agrarian reforms to slacken the grip of feudal lords, improve the economic welfare of laborers, and established social security system to prevent capital accumulation.
Besides, the acknowledgment of laborers’ rights under the constitution, the self-respect of the ordinary person, the eradication of social inequality, and the essential honor of vote were some of the significant points in the basic manuscript. People’s leader Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto took over the leadership of a defeated nation in 1971. But after only a few months, he gave democracy to the country by providing an interim constitution.
Then the parliament headed by the PPP majority gave the 1973 constitution, which was the first unified national constitution of the country after its creation. That was the first written pact of the Pakistani nation, which remains poignant as a thorn for martial law imposers. Quaid-e-Awam also laid the foundation of the Party’s newspaper “Musawat” to advance his party policies.
Today, the party formed by Quaid-e-Awam Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto has echoed in the four corners of the land and will continue to resonate in the atmosphere of Pakistan. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto stood alive in the form of Murtaza Bhutto Shaheed, in the character of Shah Nawaz Shaheed, and in the silhouette of Benazir Bhutto, the martyred of democracy.
Bhutto’s personality is performed on the world’s stage today in the form of Bilawal Bhutto Zardari.
His achievements as a leader of the opposition in the National Assembly, and as Foreign Minister of Pakistan in a short span of 7 months are remarkable.
Bhuttoism is still used as a political term even by Bhutto’s opponents in this country to gain public support.
In fact, throughout the political history of Pakistan, the Pakistan People’s Party is a Party that won 3 to 4 times in General Elections and took practical measures for the welfare of the population and the progress of Pakistan.
The country has seen long, dark days of dictatorial regimes. The tyrants tried to derail democracy again and again by usurping people’s mandate. This bitter truth must be remembered by our nation.
No great leader of South Asia can compete with Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto’s political insight. The love for people and democracy that Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto instilled among the political workers should never be lost. Formation of the Pakistan People’s Party and its aims and objectives By Bashir Nichari
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